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A simple, responsive web interface to control wifi, hostapd and related services on the Raspberry Pi.
This project was inspired by a blog post by SirLagz about using a web page rather than ssh to configure wifi and hostapd settings on the Raspberry Pi. I began by prettifying the UI by wrapping it in SB Admin 2, a Bootstrap based admin theme. Since then, the project has evolved to include greater control over many aspects of a networked RPi, better security, authentication, a Quick Installer, support for themes and more. RaspAP has been featured on sites such as Instructables, Adafruit, Raspberry Pi Weekly and Awesome Raspberry Pi and implemented in countless projects.
We'd be curious to hear about how you use this with your own RPi-powered projects. Until then, here are some screenshots:
- Quick installer
- Simultaneous AP and Wifi client
- Support us
- Manual installation
- Multilingual support
- HTTPS support
- Optional services
- How to contribute
- Reporting issues
Start with a clean install of the latest release of Raspbian (currently Buster). Raspbian Buster Lite is recommended.
- Update Raspbian, including the kernel and firmware, followed by a reboot:
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get dist-upgrade sudo reboot
Set the WiFi country in raspi-config's Localisation Options:
If you have an older Raspberry Pi without an onboard WiFi chipset, the Edimax Wireless 802.11b/g/n nano USB adapter is an excellent option – it's small, cheap and has good driver support.
With the prerequisites done, you can proceed with either the Quick installer or Manual installation steps below.
Install RaspAP from your RaspberryPi's shell prompt:
wget -q https://git.io/voEUQ -O /tmp/raspap && bash /tmp/raspap
The installer will complete the steps in the manual installation (below) for you.
After the reboot at the end of the installation the wireless network will be configured as an access point as follows:
- IP address: 10.3.141.1
- Username: admin
- Password: secret
- DHCP range: 10.3.141.50 to 10.3.141.255
- Password: ChangeMe
Note: As the name suggests, the Quick Installer is a great way to quickly setup a new AP. However, it does not automagically detect the unique configuration of your RPi. Best results are obtained by connecting an RPi to ethernet (
eth0) or as a WiFi client, also known as managed mode, with
wlan0. For the latter, refer to this FAQ. Please read this before reporting an issue.
Simultaneous AP and Wifi client
RaspAP lets you easily create an AP with a Wifi client configuration. With your RPi configured in managed mode, enable the AP from the Advanced tab of Configure hotspot by sliding the Wifi client AP mode toggle. Save settings and start the hotspot. The managed mode AP is functional without restart.
Note: For a Raspberry Pi operating in managed mode without an
eth0 connection, this configuration must be enabled before a reboot.
RaspAP is free software, but powered by your support. If you find RaspAP useful for your personal, educational or commercial projects, please make a pledge at our Patreon page or a one-time donation with Beerpay. Either option makes a big difference to us!
These steps apply to the latest release of Raspbian (currently Buster). Notes for previously released versions are provided, where applicable. Start off by installing git, lighttpd, php7, hostapd and dnsmasq.
sudo apt-get install git lighttpd php7.1-cgi hostapd dnsmasq vnstat
Note: for Raspbian Stretch, replace
php7.0-cgi. For Raspbian Jessie and older versions, use
php5-cgi. After that, enable PHP for lighttpd and restart it for the settings to take effect.
sudo lighttpd-enable-mod fastcgi-php sudo service lighttpd restart
Now comes the fun part. For security reasons, the
www-data user which lighttpd runs under is not allowed to start or stop daemons, or run commands like ifdown and ifup, all of which we want our page to do.
So what I have done is added the
www-data user to the sudoers file, but with restrictions on what commands the user can run. Add the following to the end of
www-data ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD:/sbin/ifdown www-data ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD:/sbin/ifup www-data ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD:/bin/cat /etc/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant.conf www-data ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD:/bin/cat /etc/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant-wlan[0-9].conf www-data ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD:/bin/cp /tmp/wifidata /etc/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant.conf www-data ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD:/bin/cp /tmp/wifidata /etc/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant-wlan[0-9].conf www-data ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD:/sbin/wpa_cli -i wlan[0-9] scan_results www-data ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD:/sbin/wpa_cli -i wlan[0-9] scan www-data ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD:/sbin/wpa_cli -i wlan[0-9] reconfigure www-data ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD:/bin/cp /tmp/hostapddata /etc/hostapd/hostapd.conf www-data ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD:/etc/init.d/hostapd start www-data ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD:/etc/init.d/hostapd stop www-data ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD:/etc/init.d/dnsmasq start www-data ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD:/etc/init.d/dnsmasq stop www-data ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD:/bin/cp /tmp/dhcpddata /etc/dnsmasq.conf www-data ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD:/sbin/shutdown -h now www-data ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD:/sbin/reboot www-data ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD:/sbin/ip link set wlan[0-9] down www-data ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD:/sbin/ip link set wlan[0-9] up www-data ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD:/sbin/ip -s a f label wlan[0-9] www-data ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD:/bin/cp /etc/raspap/networking/dhcpcd.conf /etc/dhcpcd.conf www-data ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD:/etc/raspap/hostapd/enablelog.sh www-data ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD:/etc/raspap/hostapd/disablelog.sh www-data ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD:/etc/raspap/hostapd/servicestart.sh
Once those modifications are done, git clone the files to
Note: for older versions of Raspbian (before Jessie, May 2016) use
sudo rm -rf /var/www/html sudo git clone https://github.com/billz/raspap-webgui /var/www/html
Move the high-res favicons to the web root.
sudo mv /var/www/html/dist/icons/* /var/www/html
Set the files ownership to
sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html
Move the RaspAP configuration file to the correct location.
sudo mkdir /etc/raspap sudo mv /var/www/html/raspap.php /etc/raspap/ sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /etc/raspap
Move the HostAPD logging and service control shell scripts to the correct location.
sudo mkdir /etc/raspap/hostapd sudo mv /var/www/html/installers/*log.sh /etc/raspap/hostapd sudo mv /var/www/html/installers/service*.sh /etc/raspap/hostapd
Set ownership and permissions for logging and service control scripts.
sudo chown -c root:www-data /etc/raspap/hostapd/*.sh sudo chmod 750 /etc/raspap/hostapd/*.sh
Add the following lines to
echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward #RASPAP iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -j MASQUERADE #RASPAP iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -s 192.168.50.0/24 ! -d 192.168.50.0/24 -j MASQUERADE #RASPAP
Force a reload of new settings in
sudo systemctl restart rc-local.service sudo systemctl daemon-reload
Unmask and enable the hostapd service.
sudo systemctl unmask hostapd.service sudo systemctl enable hostapd.service
Move the raspap service to the correct location and enable it.
sudo mv /var/www/html/installers/raspap.service /lib/systemd/system sudo systemctl enable raspap.service
Reboot and it should be up and running!
The default username is 'admin' and the default password is 'secret'.
RaspAP uses GNU Gettext to manage multilingual messages. In order to use RaspAP with one of our supported translations, you must configure a corresponding language package on your RPi. To list languages currently installed on your system, use
locale -a at the shell prompt. To generate new locales, run
sudo dpkg-reconfigure locales and select any other desired locales. Details are provided on our wiki.
The following translations are currently maintained by the project:
- 简体中文 (Chinese Simplified)
If your language is not in the list above, why not contribute a translation? Contributors will receive credit as the original translators.
A detailed how-to for enabling HTTPS is available on our wiki.
OpenVPN and TOR are two additional services that run perfectly well on the RPi, and are a nice way to extend the usefulness of your WiFi router. I've started on interfaces to administer these services. Not everyone will need them, so for the moment they are disabled by default. You can enable them by changing these options in
// Optional services, set to true to enable. define('RASPI_OPENVPN_ENABLED', false ); define('RASPI_TORPROXY_ENABLED', false );
Please note that these are only UI's for now. If there's enough interest I'll complete the funtionality for these optional admin screens.
How to contribute
- File an issue in the repository describing the contribution you'd like to make. This will help us get you started on the right foot.
- Fork the project in your account and create a new branch:
- Commit your changes in that branch.
- Open a pull request, and reference the initial issue in the pull request message.
This project follows the PSR-2 coding style guidelines. There are many ways to check your code for PSR-2. An excellent tool is PHP_CodeSniffer. The command line tool
phpcs can be run against any single file. Phing, a PHP build tool, integrates nicely with
phpcs to automate PSR-2 checks across all source files in a project.
Please read this before reporting a bug.
See the LICENSE file.